Tula State University (TSU) is the biggest state university in Tula. Since May 2006 its rector is Mikhail Gryazev, professor, doctor of technical sciences. More than 20,000 students, 400 postgraduates, and 600 foreign students from 30 countries study at Tula State University. The university consists of nine faculties, a medical institute, a center of pre-university studies, a regional center for professional development, and 73 departments.
The university prepares graduates in 150 areas and specialties of military-technical, technological, mining, computer-information, natural science, economic, legal, social, humanitarian and medical profiles. More than 1,200 teachers, including 237 doctors of science, professors and 717 candidates of science and associate professors, are training.
The university trains mathematicians, mechanics, chemists, psychologists, political scientists, historians, archivists, theologians, linguists, translators, lawyers, sociologists, doctors, specialists in physical culture and sports, designers, economists, managers, architects, teachers, including high schools, specialists highly qualified candidates and doctors of science.
The Regional Center for Professional Development and Retraining of Administrative Workers and Specialists at Tula State University has more than 2,400 students.
The university scientific library contains more than 1.5 million books. There are several reading halls, an Internet-room, a digital library. A laboratory of computer technologies has started. e-book and virtual laboratory projects have been created by the faculty members and students of the university.
In 2005 the university was awarded the Certificate of Honor by the President of the Russian Federation for its contribution to the education of specialists and the development of science. In 2007 TSU received the Russian Federation Government Award for Education.
The university staff headed by rector Mikhail Gryazev received a State Award for the project called Regional University Educational and Pedagogical Complex of Innovative Educational Technologies Used in Training Specialists for High-technological Production in Defense Industry. Alexander Agubechirovich Khadartsev, the director of the Medical Institute, received a State Award for the scientific research called The Use of Neuron Network Technologies in Educational Process.
Faculties of Tula State University:
All international students are free to use a university-managed accommodation. The building of student’s halls is situated within 3 km from the main building of the university. It is a 5 story building, wherein each story has 2 shared laundry rooms and 1 study room. Tula State University has 4 comfortable hostels for students, rooms are for 2-3 persons, they are really good furnished and always clean. Dormitories have ale necessary facilities which students normally need
Tula is one of the oldest cities in Russia. It was first mentioned as a fortress of the Principality of Ryazan in 1146. Extremely important defensive value of Tula was related to its position on the southern edge of the state (constant threat of raids of the Crimean Tatars) and proximity to the Upper Oka (the border with Lithuania). This caused constant concern for strengthening Tula as a key defense point.
In 1503, Tula was annexed to the Grand Principality of Moscow. After it, a brick citadel (Kremlin) was built. In 1552, the fortress of Tula withstood the siege of the troops led by the Crimean Khan Devlet I Giray, who tried to prevent the march of the Moscow troops of Ivan the Terrible to Kazan.
By the middle of the 17th century, when the border of the Russian state moved to the south, Tula began to turn into a commercial and industrial center. In 1712, by decree of Peter I, construction of the first state arms factory in the Russian Empire began in Tula. The town became the center of weapons production and metal products.
Today, Tula is one of the major Russian industrial and commercial centers. The leading industries are ferrous metallurgy, machine building, and metalworking.
The coat of arms of Tula reflects the character of the city associated with the production of armaments. The main holiday is the City Day, held annually on the second Saturday of September.
The climate is temperate continental, characterized by warm summers and moderately cold winters. The average temperature in February is minus 7.3 degrees Celsius, in July – plus 19.4 degrees Celsius.
Tula is famous for its traditional Russian cookies made with honey and gingerbread – pryaniki. In the West, Tula is perhaps best known as the center of samovar production: the Russian equivalent of “coals to Newcastle” is “You don’t take a samovar to Tula”. (The saying is falsely ascribed to the writer and playwright Anton Chekhov, whose made a satirical portrait of one of his characters saying “Taking your wife to Paris is the same as taking your own samovar to Tula”.)
The most popular tourist attraction in Tula Oblast is Yasnaya Polyana, the home and burial place of the writer Leo Tolstoy. It is situated 14 kilometers (9 miles) south-west of the city. It was here that Tolstoy wrote his celebrated novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina.
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